Starting a pizza business requires several important decisions, including what kind of oven to use for baking. This is an essential aspect that should be taken into account for success. While there are various options on the market, many pizzeria owners are choosing to use a brick oven.

But why is this type of oven so popular among pizzeria owners? In this article, we will discuss the benefits of using a brick oven in your pizzeria; including improved taste and texture, faster cooking times, and the ability to cook at high temperatures. We will also touch on the history of brick ovens and how they have become essential in baking. Keep reading!

4 pic of 4 old brick ovens

A Brief History of Brick Ovens

A brick oven which is also called a masonry oven has been an important piece of equipment in baking for centuries. These ovens, made of brick and typically wood-fired, have been used to bake pizzas, loaves of bread, and other dishes for hundreds of years.

The use of brick ovens dates back to ancient civilizations, with the first recorded use of such an oven dating back to about 4000 years ago in the ancient Roman Republic. Early brick ovens were used for baking bread and were fueled by wood.

As civilizations and cultures spread and evolved, so did the use of brick ovens. They continued to be used throughout history, with various cultures adding their own unique twists and techniques. Brick ovens became a staple in pizzerias in Italy, where they were used to bake the pies that we know and love today.

In recent years, there has been a resurgence of brick ovens in modern pizzerias, as more and more people are seeking authentic, wood-fired pizzas. Pizzeria owners are taking advantage of the special ovens to make their pizzas even tastier and quicker. Moreover, these ovens enable them to prepare food at high temperatures, giving the meals a unique flavor.

Overall, the use of brick ovens has a rich history, with these ovens playing a vital role in the development and evolution of cooking techniques throughout the centuries


How do Brick Ovens Work?

Utilizing a brick oven first requires the assembly of a burning blaze inside it, using wood or other combustibles. As the fire burns, it heats up the bricks on the floor and dome of the oven. The heat from the bricks is what cooks the food, not the flames or smoke from the fire.

Once the fire has burned down and the bricks are hot enough (usually around 800 degrees Fahrenheit), the door gets closed to absorb heat. The food is placed in the oven after the temperature reduces. The heat from the oven walls bakes the food from all sides.

The heat inside a brick oven is much drier than the heat in other oven types since there is no moisture in the air. This dry heat is what gives brick oven-baked goods their signature crispy crusts and moist interiors.

Types of Pizzas Best Baked in Brick Ovens

A brick oven is the perfect equipment for cooking up a variety of delicious pizzas. Some of the best ones to try out are California-style pizza, Chicago-style pizza, Neapolitan pizza, New York-style pizza, and Sicilian pizza.

Features of Brick Ovens

If you’ve ever had the pleasure of biting into a wood-fired pizza, you know there’s just something special about the way the crust tastes. But what makes these ovens so special and why are they a staple in pizzerias around the world?

Let’s take a closer look at the features of the brick oven that make it such a popular choice for pizzeria owners.


The brick oven is an amazing sight to behold. Constructed out of bricks, it has a dome-like exterior and a wide opening at the front to transfer pizzas or other food items into the heat of the interior.

A brick oven is not only functional, but it also adds a certain rustic charm to your restaurant. Customers will love the idea of their pizza being cooked in a traditional oven, giving them a taste of old-world Italy.


The dimensions of modern masonry pizza ovens typically fall within a range of 150 to 400 cubic feet.

Heating Method

A brick oven uses all three methods of heat transfer – conduction, convection, and reflection to cook and bake food.

Convection: The hot air inside the oven circulates around the food, cooking it evenly.

Reflection: The heat from the embers or heating elements is reflected into the cooking chamber, helping to bake the food.

Conduction: Heat is conducted directly to the food, cooking it from the bottom up.


Brick ovens heat up quickly and retain heat well, which means you can cook pizzas faster and more efficiently. This is especially useful during peak hours when you need to serve as many pies as possible.

They are often considered more energy-efficient than some other types of ovens because they retain heat well and can cook multiple items at once.


Brick ovens can vary in price depending on the size and features of the oven. Outdoor brick pizza oven cost ranges from $2,000 for a smaller, basic brick oven to $8,000 for a larger, more feature-rich brick oven.

While brick ovens can be expensive upfront, they can also have a longer lifespan, which may offset the initial cost over time.

Operational Cost

The operational costs of a brick oven depend on how often it is used and its specific maintenance and repair needs. Some general factors that may affect the ongoing costs of a brick oven include:

Fuel costs: If your brick oven is powered with wood, you will require regular supplies to ensure continuous operation. The same goes for gas or coal.

Commercial oven repairs: Over time, any appliance or piece of equipment will require repairs or maintenance. Brick ovens are no exception. You may need to pay for repairs if any parts of the oven break or wear out.

Cleaning: Depending on how often you use the oven, you may need to invest in cleaning supplies or hire a professional to clean the oven for you.

Before investing in a brick oven, it’s important to take into account any associated ongoing costs in order to make an informed decision and stay within budget.

Thermal Inertia

Brick ovens have high thermal inertia, which means that they can store a large amount of heat energy and release it slowly over time. The oven maintains a stable temperature despite frequent opening and closing.


Etching and discoloration of the bricks is a natural part of the aging process for brick ovens and is generally not a cause for concern.

Brick ovens can become etched or discolored due to a variety of factors such as the type of fuel used to fire the oven, the level of humidity in the environment, the type of food that is cooked in the oven (e.g., acidic foods like tomatoes or citrus can contribute to etching), the temperature of the oven (high temperatures can cause the bricks to become discolored), and the frequency with which the oven is used.


Investing in a brick oven can be a great decision as they can last for many years with the right care and very low maintenance. It is certainly an advantageous option for businesses looking to expand their operations.

The Benefits of Using a Brick Oven in a Pizzeria

The brick oven isn’t just a pretty face. It also has some serious baking advantages. If you’re a pizzeria owner looking to up your game, here are just a few reasons why you should consider getting a brick oven:

High Heat

One of the main benefits of using a brick oven is its ability to reach and maintain high temperatures. These ovens can reach temperatures upwards of 1000 degrees Fahrenheit, which allows for quick and thorough cooking of pizzas and other dishes. Pizzas cooked at a high temperature yield a delectable, crisp crust with melted cheese. What’s more, higher heat helps the Maillard reactions take place, adding flavor to the crust.

Consistency in Cooking Temperature

The insulated walls of the oven retain heat, resulting in a consistent cooking experience. This is especially crucial as it ensures that the crust is crispy and evenly cooked, while the toppings are well melted.

Brick ovens are not just great at providing an even temperature while cooking, they also curb energy consumption which allows for enhanced energy efficiency.

High-Volume Cooking

Brick ovens are ideal for busy pizzerias as they can handle a large number of orders in less time. This impressive level of efficiency can lead to an increase in profitability due to the faster turnover of pizzas.

Customers will be satisfied with fast services and reduced waiting times.

Low Maintenance

Businesses save time and resources while keeping their equipment running at peak performance levels as the appliances require minimal maintenance. Occasional sweeping and cleaning of the oven floor is about all that’s needed to keep the ovens in good working order. Commercial oven repairs will be required from time to time when it becomes essential.

The Unique, Smoky Flavor

The high heat of the brick oven imparts a distinctive, smoky flavor to the food that is cooked in it. This is because these ovens are typically powered by wood or charcoal which generates smoke flavors that get absorbed in the food as it cooks, imparting a distinct aroma and flavor to the dish.


The flavor of pizzas cooked in traditional brick ovens is considered much more authentic and gives it a distinctly Italian character that’s sure to please customers searching for an original pizza experience. It’s one of the advantages of this type of cooking compared to more modern methods.

To elevate your business, consider investing in a brick oven. Your pizzas will taste authentically Italian and have that perfect balance of chewiness and crunchiness. Trust us when we say your customers (and their taste buds) will thank you!

The Drawbacks of Using a Brick Oven in a Pizzeria

As much as we love brick ovens and the delicious pizzas they produce, it’s important to recognize that they also come with their fair share of drawbacks. Here are a few disadvantages to consider:

High Initial Cost

Now, before you start reaching for your wallets, we have to warn you: brick ovens come with a hefty price tag. They can be expensive to purchase and install. You’ll need to weigh the initial cost against the potential benefits and see if it’s worth the investment.

Requires More Space

Brick ovens can be large and bulky and they may not fit in every pizzeria. It requires enough room to fit the oven securely, in addition to having adequate space for your culinary staff to move freely and conveniently around it.

The Learning Curve

Properly using a brick oven requires understanding the heat dynamics and proper positioning of the pizzas, which can take time and practice to master. The chefs will need to learn how to fill the floor and dome with heat, the best way to control the temperature, grilling techniques, and how to cook the pies to perfection. Once they become familiar with the quirks of a brick oven, they will be able to use it to its full potential.

Even with its few downsides, a brick oven might be the superior option for your pizzeria or restaurant based on your requirements and tastes.

Key Takeaways

The brick oven is a true masterpiece that has stood the test of time. Its impressive architecture blends form and function perfectly; producing delicious meals with its unique heat-retaining structure.

Next time you sink your teeth into a wood-fired pizza, take a moment to appreciate the role that the brick oven played in crafting truly exceptional pies; from its heat retention capabilities to its smoky flavor.

Brick oven’s versatility has made it a favorite among chefs and restaurants alike. Other favorable features like its ability to reach high temperatures, even cooking, and low maintenance makes it a top choice for pizzeria owners around the world.

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