When it comes to making the perfect pizza dough, the type of flour you use can have a significant impact on the final product. Two of the most popular types of flour for pizza dough are 00 flour and bread flour. But what’s the difference between these two types of flour, and which one should you use for the best results? Let’s take a closer look.

Is Bread Flour the Same as 00 Flour?

Bread flour and 00 flour are not the same, as they have different protein contents, textures, and absorption properties. While both types of flour can be used for pizza dough, they can produce different results in terms of texture and flavor.

What is 00 Flour?

soft white winter wheat

What is Bread Flour?

hard red wheat and hard white wheat

The Main Differences Between 00 Flour and Bread Flour

Comparing 00 Flour and Bread Flour: A Detailed Table

00 flour and bread flour are both popular choices for pizza dough, but they have unique properties that can impact the texture and flavor of your final product. To help you make an informed decision, we’ve compiled a comprehensive comparison table that highlights the key differences between 00 flour and bread flour. From protein content and texture to availability and price, this table provides an overview of the characteristics of each type of flour so you can choose the one that best suits your needs.

Property 00 Flour Bread Flour
Protein Content Slightly lower (11-13% gluten) Higher (12-14% gluten)
Texture Finely ground, very fine texture Coarser than 00 flour
Absorption Absorbs less water Absorbs more water due to higher protein content
Common Uses Thin-crust pizza, fresh pasta, pastries Yeast-based bread, thicker pizza crusts, chewy baked goods
Origin Italian Common in the United States and other countries
Gluten Formation Lower gluten content, resulting in a softer, more tender dough Higher gluten content, resulting in a stronger gluten network and chewier texture
Hydration Level Typically requires less water due to lower protein content Typically requires more water due to higher protein content
Best Suited For Thin-crust pizza, Neapolitan-style pies, fresh pasta Thicker, chewy pizza crusts, yeast-based breads, chewy baked goods
Availability Specialty stores, Italian markets, online retailers Widely available in most supermarkets
Color Usually lighter in color, as it is more refined Slightly darker in color compared to 00 flour
Shelf Life Similar to other refined flours, should be stored in a cool, dry place Similar to other refined flours, should be stored in a cool, dry place
Price Can be more expensive, as it is a specialty flour often imported from Italy Generally more affordable and widely available
Handling Tends to be more delicate, requiring gentle handling when making dough Tends to be more forgiving, can handle more kneading and mixing

Can I Substitute 00 Flour for Bread Flour?

While it is possible to substitute 00 flour for bread flour in a recipe, there are some important considerations to keep in mind:

What Flour is Closest to 00 Flour?

If you don’t have access to 00 flour, there are a ew alternatives that can come close:

When substituting for 00 flour, it’s important to remember that different types of flour have different properties and may require adjustments to the recipe to achieve the best results.

Is 00 Flour Better Than Bread Flour for Pizza?

The answer to this question depends on the type of pizza you’re making and your personal preferences.

Ultimately, the best flour for pizza dough depends on the style of pizza you’re aiming for and the texture and flavor you prefer.

Should I Use Bread Flour for Pizza Dough?

Bread flour can be a great choice for pizza dough, especially if you’re looking for a chewy texture and good rise. The higher protein content of bread flour helps to create a strong gluten network, giving the dough structure and resulting in a chewy crust. It also allows the dough to absorb more water, making it easier to work with.

If you’re aiming for a thicker, chewier crust, bread flour can be an excellent choice. However, if you prefer a thin, crispy crust, you may want to consider using 00 flour instead.

Which 2 Types of Flour Make the Best Pizza Dough?

There’s no definitive answer to this question, as the best type of flour for pizza dough depends on the style of pizza you’re making and your personal preferences. However, 00 flour and bread flour are two of the most popular types of flour for pizza dough because of their unique properties.

You can also experiment with blending different types of flour to achieve your desired texture and flavor. For example, you could combine 00 flour and bread flour to create a pizza dough that has a balance of tenderness and chewiness.

What is the Secret to a Crispy Pizza Crust?

There are several factors that can contribute to a crispy pizza crust:

Experiment with these factors to find the combination that works best for you and produces the crispy crust you’re looking for.

What is the Best Flour for Italian Pizza Dough?

For traditional Italian pizza dough, 00 flour is often considered the best choice. This type of flour is commonly used in Italy for making thin-crust pizza and fresh pasta. Its fine texture and lower protein content help to create a tender and crispy crust that is characteristic of Italian-style pizza.

That being said, it’s important to note that different regions of Italy have their own variations of pizza, and the type of flour used may vary. For example, some regions may use a blend of 00 flour and other types of flour for their pizza dough.


Both 00 flour and bread flour have their unique properties and uses when it comes to making pizza dough. 00 flour is known for its fine texture and lower protein content, making it ideal for thin-crust pizza with a tender and crispy texture. On the other hand, bread flour has a higher protein content and strong gluten formation, making it well-suited for thicker, chewier crusts.

The best type of flour for pizza dough ultimately depends on the style of pizza you’re aiming for and your personal preferences. Experimenting with different types of flour and adjusting the hydration levels can help you achieve the perfect crust for your pizza. Whether you’re a fan of thin-crust Neapolitan-style pizza or a thick and chewy crust, understanding the properties of different types of flour can help you elevate your pizza game and create delicious homemade pies.

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